The topic of aborting an innocent fetus has been overwhelmingly controversial in the United States. The two sides to this ongoing debate is pro-life advocates and pro-choice advocates. Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy by removing a fetus or embryo before it can survive outside the uterus; whether it is an unplanned or unwanted pregnancy. Abortions are most often performed during the first twenty-eight weeks of pregnancy and can be performed as a medical or surgical procedure. Medical abortions include two types of abortion pills; while the surgical procedures include vacuum aspiration and dilation and evacuation. Ultimately, I am one of the many “pro-lifers”, and I strongly agree that abortion should be illegal because it negatively affects our people. Women across the nation are becoming impregnated and following a short amount of judgement time, turn to abortion to solve their problems but in the end hurt themselves with this decision. Abortions should be illegal because it is immoral and unconstitutional, causes severe mental and physical issues, and negatively impacts the economy. “During the ancient Roman times it has been supposed that abortion and the destruction of unwanted children was permissible, but as our civilization has aged, it seems that such acts were no longer acceptable by rational human beings, so that in 1948, Canada along with most other nations in the world signed a declaration of the United Nations promising every human being the right to life” (“The Abortion Debate: A Pro-Life Stance”). Therefore, it is unexpected that our nation still considers abortion as legal. With the prohibiting of abortions, many issues within our nation and for women could be resolved.To begin, abortion should be banned because it is immoral and unconstitutional there are many reasons a woman would consider abortion. In 1973, the supreme court ruling that is the basis for the legalization of abortion arise, Roe vs. Wade. The case involved a pregnant woman who instituted an action analyzing the constitutionality of the Texas abortion laws, which proscribes any abortion save for instances where the same is necessary to save the pregnant woman’s life. When being pro-life, the concern is on the woman’s exercise of her right to decide; while the right of the child or the fetus is being ignored. When considering the never-ending debate on abortion, it must be understood that children is the natural result of sexual intercourse under favorable conditions, it is not obligatory of women by the United States government. “The Supreme Court’s decisions in Roe and Doe did not address a number of important abortion-related issues which have been raised subsequently by state actions seeking to restrict the scope of the Court’s rulings. These include the issues of informed consent, spousal consent, parental consent, and reporting requirements” (“Capital Punishment”). The life of the woman should not be and is not the solitary concern during abortion decisions. A baby’s must also be considered. Life starts at conception, and exactly at that time, that life must be protected. Humanhood begins simultaneous with conception and since abortion has for its purpose, the termination of the life of the fetus, then each abortion is essentially a form of murder. Hence, although there is a necessity of protecting the rights of the woman as regards her option of resorting to abortion, the life of the conceived child must also be accorded ample protection. This could only be done by banning the process of abortion. As mentioned earlier, there are a lot of reasons why women consider going through the process of abortion. The most common reasons include: reasons rape, unplanned pregnancy and incest. No matter seriousness of each reason: rape and incest, they cannot be considered as sufficient to legalize the deliberate neglect of the baby’s right to life. Women should consider putting the baby up for adoption before making her mind up to follow through with an abortion. Subsequently, unplanned pregnancy should not be considered as an excuse to have an abortion. Since crimes like rape and incest are not considered convincing reasons for legalizing adoption, neither should pregnancies resulting for defective decision-making be not considered as justifiable reasons for abortion. With the abundance of birth control and contraceptives available, unplanned pregnancies should be completely avoided. The act of making the decisions more carefully regarding sex and to be responsible for the consequences of sex, including the consequence of an unwanted pregnancy, is the act of ceasing abortion. Abortion is immoral and unconstitutional and should be prohibited in the United States, and even globally.Secondly, abortions should be illegal because it causes severe mental and physical problems for women, and other individuals affected by the termination of a child. Abortion affects the health and well-being of the woman who undergoes an abortion procedure. “It is due to the lack of education and information about abortion that women who resort to abortion do not know what abortion could do to their bodies” (Kuroda). Going through the procedure and process of an abortion springs emotional depression and physical pain on a woman and her body. Women’s hasty decisions to rid their unborn child bears negative and uncomfortable consequences. Abortions come with a lot of side effects and they can be very harmful to your body. For instance, cramping, vomiting, nausea, and bleeding. In some cases, women have died going through the abortion process. The hostile effects brought about by abortion to the health of the woman are reason enough to classify abortion as illegal. Infertility is also considered a possible effect of aborting a child. Therefore, it is possible that after an abortion, the woman could no longer bear a child. Termination of a baby can also increase the risk of breast cancer and miscarriages in the future. The harmful outcomes of abortion are not limited to the physical health of women, but also to their emotional well-being. Mental and emotional effects following an abortion are more common, yet just as detrimental as physical effects of abortion. A large percentage of women who have undergone an abortion; experience serious depression, and massive feelings of guilt, this is called Post-traumatic abortion syndrome, Post abortion syndrome, or Post-abortion stress syndrome. Truthfully, abortion is not an easy decision to make, and in the process of any decision-making, a lot of emotions are experienced by the woman undergoing the procedure and process. The fact that no positive emotion can emerge by the decision to consider an adoption or killing a fetus, is what causes the emotional damage. Numerous emotions can be felt by the woman who is going through the decision of whether to have an abortion or not; and also by the woman who ultimately decides to have an abortion. Women often experience regret, anger, guilt, shame, sense of isolation, loss of confidence, suicidal thoughts, insomnia, depression, and anxiety. I believe that the danger posed to the health of the woman due to abortion is sufficient enough reason enough to consider abortion simply as illegal. Lastly, abortion should be illegal because it not only negatively impacts, the individual but also the economy. The negative impact of abortion on the economy is commonly overlooked. Pro-choicers make the fault that abortion is solely a moral issue, and that it cannot be related to the effects of the economy. Abortion is not only a horrifying thing but in today’s society it has become societally accepted, yet harder to get. Many states have restricted public funding for abortions and as of right now only 17 states fund abortions for low income women just like they would do if it was a regular health service. On the other hand, the other 32 states only pay for abortions if it’s a life endangering circumstances or rape. “Passed by Congress in 1976, the Hyde Amendment excludes abortion from the comprehensive health care services provided to low-income people by the federal government through Medicaid. Congress has made some exceptions to the funding ban, which have varied over the years.  At present, the federal Medicaid program mandates abortion funding in cases of rape or incest, as well as when a pregnant woman’s life is endangered by a physical disorder, illness, or injury” (“Public funding for Abortion”). In 2016, Planned Parenthood reported an income of $1.35 billion. American taxpayers helped that amount by producing $555 million of it. Early 2017, Rep. Smith, Christopher H. introduced the No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion and Abortion Insurance Full Disclosure Act of 2017. His act was passed by the house but still awaits to be passed by the Senate and the President. I think women who want to get abortions should have to pay for their decision and not depend on state to pay for it, which may essentially decrease the abortion rate because of how expensive it is. Another way abortion effects the economy and society, is the fact that the many lives aborted could have presented many contributions that could further develop our economy and society.  An increased population means more people contributing to society through work, which ultimately would increase our gross domestic product, which would then aid in reducing the burden of government spending. The negative impact abortion leaves on the society and economy should also be a reason that it is illegalized. In sum, abortions should be illegal because it is immoral to the fetus, mental and physical problems for women, and damages the economy and society. Pro-choice organizations like Planned Parenthood should have classes on abortions and give information out on the effects that can happen post-abortion. Before ROE 30 of the 50 states signed on to ban abortions and I think the other 20 should do so because of bad things that come along with abortions and also the high cost to get an abortion. Sandra M. Alters stated “You hear a lot of comments about Roe v. Wade, that Roe v. Wade only allows legal abortions within the first trimester and under limited circumstances in the second trimester. These are babies in the second and third trimester, where the courts have basically said, as many of us who have been studying this issue for a long time have said, that there is no limitation on the right to abortion. Abortion is a right that is absolute in America. There are no limitations, as a result of court decisions, on the right to an abortion” (Gale). The undesirable effects caused by abortion calls for the State to interfere and consider abortion as illegal. The fortification of women’s right to choose cannot override the right of a child to life. Truth is, the damaging effects of abortion are undisputable. It brings harmful effects to the physical, mental and emotional well-being of the women who undergo abortion; and ultimately decreases the growth of our economy.  Regardless of how minuscule life is, it is still a life which must be protected and respected. In order to do the life of a fetus justice, abortion must be deemed illegal.

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