In politics, there are two prominent
ideological views that help construct society. The first ideology is
conservatism, which views society as a creation of slow evolutionary
development, and prefers less intervention by the state. The second ideology is
liberalism, views society as a more optimistic sense of human nature and prefers
more of an involved role of government within the state and society. I thereby address
the question: “Examine the advantages and disadvantages of adopting two of the political
ideologies (e.g. conservatism or liberalism). Which one should be more widely
applied in Canada and why?”, and argue that through the examination of the
advantages and disadvantages of the conservatives and liberals view of the
economy, environment, and healthcare, it will become apparent that liberalism
should be more widely applied in Canada.

Firstly,
the conservative’s government view of the economy is able to exemplify many
advantages in Canada’s economic market. To begin, the conservative party mainly
supports the free market, which has a view for less government intervention and
can support higher economic growth, better jobs, and a high standard of living
for Canadian citizens (Harper, 2015). For example,
conservative party leader Andrew Scheer views himself as “a free market
enthusiast” who can help add value to the economy and help small businesses (Stone, 2017).  Further, the free market is beneficial because
there are no attempts to interfere with the supply or price of a product,
leading to no loss of economic knowledge (Scruton, 2014). Therefore, it is important for
Canadians to realize how the conservative parties view of the free market and
lowering taxes is able to help small businesses and families grow within the
Canadian economy.

The
conservative party’s economic policies, however, exemplify disadvantages. Since
the conservatives mainly prefer a free market economy, this can lead to fewer regulations
for the Canadian market, which can end up potentially providing a less stable economy.
Further, the conservatives view of the market can also potentially put the
needs of the company beyond the needs of the consumers, as there are no limitations
acting in a free market (Free Market, 2017). This may not be a good thing for
Canadian citizens as the free market can lead to economic domination and a
monopoly of power, with companies setting higher prices to consumers which
could then lead to greater inequality within society. Therefore, the
conservatives economic plan provides less regulation, and potentially, a less
stable market for Canadian citizens.

The
liberal parties economic plan, however, show advantages for the Canadian
market. Firstly, modern liberals use resources from the state to help promote equality
for one another, as they have shown favour in the notion of universal
education, universal welfare, and social and economic planning (Koerner, 1985). Further, the
liberals think that a controlled market with more government involvement will
help create more jobs for people and equal opportunities (Trudeau, 2017). This can be a good for Canadians as a
controlled market can help promote a more stable economy moving the state to play
an active role in contributing to economic development (Karagiannis, 2001). Moreover, the liberals prefer to raise
taxes on the one percent and lower taxes for the middle class, which can be beneficial
for Canadians as it helps promote social equality for the economy.

The
liberals view of the economy, however, also shows drawbacks. A criticism of
their view is that there may be too much government in the economy and less
competition could lead to less efficiency for businesses (Prager, 2015).  The free market view that the conservative
party has may be more efficient, as the customers determine the price point of
the product. The controlled market may have too many governmental restrictions,
with the government holding a monopoly over economic goods. Further, the number
of goods being produced may not be balanced, as one item may be mass produced (Free Market, 2017). Therefore, the liberal
parties view of the economy shows some disadvantages, their view does help
promote equality which may be better in the long term.

Secondly,
the conservatives view of environmental policies shows advantages for
Canadians. The conservatives believe that policies such as carbon tax is a
negative idea and that government interference may not be good for the job
market (Harper, 2015) . For example, in
Canada, the conservatives support developing the Alberta oil sands which could
help bring crude oil to the market and develop the economy (Harper, 2015). The conservatives tend to take a less progressive
approach than the liberals when dealing with the environmental challenges.
However, that can be a good thing for jobs and taxpayers. For example, in 2006
Greenhouse gas emissions were 740 megatons, and by 2013 they dropped to 726
megatons which was done without raising taxes (Basen, 2015).
Therefore, the conservatives are able to deal with environmental challenges,
all while regulating jobs for Canadians.

The
conservative’s environmental policies, however, do show weaknesses. The
conservatives may be too mild with their regulations and against extreme
environmental policies. This could be a disadvantage as today one may need extreme
policies to help combat climate change. For example, the majority of
conservatives prefer not to intervene in the environment, as it makes for less
involvement for them within the economy because regulating greenhouse gases could
be bad for corporations (Mcelwee, 2014). Therefore, conservatives may need stronger
environmental policies to help regulate issues such as climate change in the
Canadian environment.

In
contrast, the liberal parties view on environmental policies show advantages
for Canada. Trudeau stated that you are not able to build a strong economy
without protecting the environment, which is why the liberals have a plan, for
example, to restore $25 million in funding to Parks Canada (Dyck & Woo, 2017). Further, the
liberal’s put out a plan for a national carbon tax, which is crucial for clean
energy and helping the environment (Lunn & McDiarmid, 2017). Therefore, the
liberals want to protect communities from the growing issue of climate change
and help make new investments in better infrastructure leading to a more efficient
environment (Trudeau, 2017).

One
criticism of the liberal party’s view on the environment, however, is that many
provinces tend to be opposed to paying a tax on carbon. Also, Trudeau made a
statement about phasing out the oil sands to help better manage dependence off
of fossil fuels (Muzyka, 2017). Consequently, this could end up being
bad for the economy of Canada, as the oil sands are one of the biggest economic
providers for jobs and money in Canada and its citizens. Therefore, the liberal’s
environmental policies may be strict, but also better in the long term for
protection of the environment.

Thirdly,
the conservatives view on health care in Canada is able to demonstrate advantages
for Canada. The conservatives view is to privatize health care which could end
up leading to faster treatment for patients and less wait times (Reith, 2017). Privatization
offers quicker service and also more continuous care as opposed to universal
health care. Also, too much government debt and the growing and aging of Canada’s
population have posed criticisms to the publicly funded health care system (Dirnfield, 1996). Therefore, a
privatized system that is regulated by insurance coverage would be able to make
the system affordable for all citizens providing better health care reform.

In
contrast, the conservatives view on health care also shows many disadvantages
for Canadians. The private healthcare system has been said to “Americanize” the
Canadian health care system. If the private system took place in Canada it could
lead to Canadian citizens being uninsured with the lower and middle class being
neglected, as the private system may be better set up for the wealthy as they
can afford better care (Trudeau 2017). Further, Canadians in a recent poll
showed that they prefer a system based on their needs opposed to money (Martin & Dhalla, 2017). Therefore, the
conservative view on health care may not be suitable for Canadians, as universal
care leads to better equality and less division between classes.

            The
liberals view on health care, however, shows a vast amount of benefits to
Canadians as they prefer publicly funded healthcare because it can result in better
economic security for the middle class (Trudeau, 2017). The liberal party
has stated that they will put in $3 billion over 4 years to deliver better home
health care, and also promised to improve mental health services for Canada’s
population. Further, universal health care provides access for everyone as it is
paid through citizens taxes, leaving no one left out due to financial issues (Health care in Canada , 2017). Therefore, it is
important everyone gets the treatment they require and have financial
protection so nobody is left out because of financial issues.

In
contrast, the liberal party does show some disadvantages with the universal
health care system. A criticism of the liberal’s view is that universal health
care has the chance of increasing government debt because of an increase in
taxes to pay for the healthcare system (Esmail, 2013). Also, many nations that have universal
health care have shown it comes as a consequence of long wait times for
treatments (Tanner, 2009). In a study that compared health care
systems in developed countries, Canada’s health care system ranked third last,
as some of the issues did include long wait times and poor availability for
care, some of which could be solved with the privatization of the system (Scotti, 2017). Thus, Canada’s
current health care system may need changing, as universal health care does
show some disadvantages, it is also important to note how the liberals view can
provide access to all Canadians for healthcare, no matter one’s financial
status.

As
a result, the liberal’s ideological perspective should be more widely applied
within Canada. As demonstrated by the above arguments, Canadians prefer the
notion of a more transparent government that is a force for good and change in society
(Trudeau, 2017). An example of this
is the liberal party seems to pay attention to the issues Canadian’s care most about
and using the resources of the state to help promote social equality and
freedom. Further, a poll conducted by EKOS Research showed that twice as many Canadians identify as
liberal than conservative, which is therefore further changing the political
landscape within Canada (Grenier, 2013).

In conclusion, through the
examination of both the advantages and disadvantages of the liberals and conservative’s
ideological views on the economy, environment, and healthcare, it has become
apparent that Canadians prefer an optimistic government that views a controlled
market, stronger environmental regulations and universal health care for all
citizens. Therefore, this confirms my thesis and renders it rational that liberalism
exemplifies more benefits and should be more widely applied so further policies
can be implemented in Canada and its citizens today. 

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