A yeast is a unicellular fungus which reproduces asexually by budding or division

A yeast is a unicellular fungus which reproduces asexually by budding or division, especially the genus Saccharomyces which is important in food fermentations (Walker, 1988). Yeasts and yeast-like fungi are widely distributed in nature. They are present in orchards and vineyards, in the air, the soil and the intestinal tract of animals. Like bacteria and moulds, they can have beneficial and non-beneficial effects in foods. Most yeasts are larger than most bacteria. The most well known examples of yeast fermentation are in the production of alcoholic drinks and the leavening of bread. For their participation in these two processes, yeasts are of major importance in the food industry.