Equipment Design

1.       Enumerate and briefly discuss the NINE (9) Stages in the
development of a new chemical plant.

1) Inception – starting point of the project, where
development of basic ideas is formed for new processes in the production of new
products

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2) Preliminary evaluation of economics and market –
stage where the new product’s potential market is researched

3) Development of data necessary for final design –
stage where the design parameters are computed

4) Final economic evaluation – stage of cost
estimation of the plant

5) Detailed engineering design – stage where the
design and market study is completed

6) Procurement – stage where goods and services are
acquired to start up the plant

7) Erection – stage of the actual construction of the
plant

8) Startup and trial runs – stage of trial runs and
experiments of the plant

9) Production – actual mass production after the
successful trial run

 

2.       Differentiate between:

Process
Design engineer and a Cost Engineer

Process Design Engineer is involved in the design process of
the equipment and facilities itself while a cost engineer is involved in the budget
or cost management of the plant design.

Plant
Layout and a pilot plant

Plant Layout is the detailed technical drawing arrangement
of the equipment and production operations within the plant while pilot plant
is the small scale industrial system of the actual plant.

Process
Flow Diagram, Piping and Instrumentation Diagram, Qualitative Flow
Diagram and Quantitative Flow diagram

A Process Flow Diagram shows the flow of the plant process
and equipment. A Piping and Instrumentation Diagram shows the detailed flow of
the plant process and equipment which includes all piping and vessels,
equipment and instrumentation. A Qualitative Flow Diagram shows the operating
pressure and temperature, flow of materials and unit operations involved, while
Quantitative Flow Diagram shows the materials needed for the process operation.

Equipment
Design Variable and Process Design Variable

The Equipment Design Variables are the specifications of the
equipment while the Process Design Variables are the variables relevant to the
entire operation of the plant.

 

3.       In your own words, define Optimum Design.

Optimum Design is the design of the equipment and process
where maximum efficiency is obtained and the total production cost is at
minimum.

 1.       Enumerate and briefly discuss the NINE (9) Stages in the
development of a new chemical plant.

1) Inception – starting point of the project, where
development of basic ideas is formed for new processes in the production of new
products

2) Preliminary evaluation of economics and market –
stage where the new product’s potential market is researched

3) Development of data necessary for final design –
stage where the design parameters are computed

4) Final economic evaluation – stage of cost
estimation of the plant

5) Detailed engineering design – stage where the
design and market study is completed

6) Procurement – stage where goods and services are
acquired to start up the plant

7) Erection – stage of the actual construction of the
plant

8) Startup and trial runs – stage of trial runs and
experiments of the plant

9) Production – actual mass production after the
successful trial run

 

2.       Differentiate between:

Process
Design engineer and a Cost Engineer

Process Design Engineer is involved in the design process of
the equipment and facilities itself while a cost engineer is involved in the budget
or cost management of the plant design.

Plant
Layout and a pilot plant

Plant Layout is the detailed technical drawing arrangement
of the equipment and production operations within the plant while pilot plant
is the small scale industrial system of the actual plant.

Process
Flow Diagram, Piping and Instrumentation Diagram, Qualitative Flow
Diagram and Quantitative Flow diagram

A Process Flow Diagram shows the flow of the plant process
and equipment. A Piping and Instrumentation Diagram shows the detailed flow of
the plant process and equipment which includes all piping and vessels,
equipment and instrumentation. A Qualitative Flow Diagram shows the operating
pressure and temperature, flow of materials and unit operations involved, while
Quantitative Flow Diagram shows the materials needed for the process operation.

Equipment
Design Variable and Process Design Variable

The Equipment Design Variables are the specifications of the
equipment while the Process Design Variables are the variables relevant to the
entire operation of the plant.

 

3.       In your own words, define Optimum Design.

Optimum Design is the design of the equipment and process
where maximum efficiency is obtained and the total production cost is at
minimum.

 

4.       Discuss the importance of Safety Factors in design.

Safety Factors in design are important because it accounts the
optimized constraints of the operation of the equipment to prevent
malfunctioning of an equipment or accidents through the process.

4.       Discuss the importance of Safety Factors in design.

Safety Factors in design are important because it accounts the
optimized constraints of the operation of the equipment to prevent
malfunctioning of an equipment or accidents through the process.

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