exercise 9

California has been the birthplace for various radical political movements throughout history. Its diverse and fast growing population combined with the large presence of progressive ideals has made California the perfect breeding ground for radical political movements. The state of California has witnessed waves of migration throughout its history beginning in the mid 1800s with the first major wave as a result of the Gold Rush. From 1848 to 1855 thousands of immigrants from Mexico, England, France, Spain, Chile, Peru, and China migrated to California in search of wealth and prosperity. Additionally, the second notable surge of immigration happened following the Great Depression. California had recovered quite quickly as compared to other states across the nation as a result of its investment in the military from the federal government. However, the massive labor shortage due to World War II was still very prevalent during this time. As a result, many southern blacks migrated to California in search of economic opportunity and higher paying industrial jobs that the state provided. California’s continuously growing and diverse population as a result of these massive migration waves, has developed a unique political culture that allows for all opinions to be displayed, thus creating a birthplace for political movements of all sorts. In addition to its demographics, California’s role in the Progressive Era also made it a birthplace for radical political movements. The Progressive Era aimed to solve the problems created by industrialization and urbanization. Movements including the protection of workers’ rights, the creation of unions, the development of women’s clubs, and the fight for women’s suffrage all aimed for political and social reform in California and throughout the country as well. Similarly to the movements of the early 1900s, movements including the Black Panther movement, the gay rights movement, and the United Farm Workers movement all developed as a result of California’s strong presence during the Progressive Era and strived for political and social reform as well. In conclusion, the combination of California’s large and diverse population in addition to its history of progressive ideals, has made the state the birthplace of many radical political movements.

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