For our video, we have chosen to link the elements of Historical and Political. The history of South Africa is long and very complexed. The country is no stranger to struggle and has faced a lot of changes throughout the years. Colonization affected South Africa as much as it did another country when compared too other African nations. During the colonial years of the Dutch and British, segregation between ethnic groups such as blacks and whites were strictly enforced with legislation controls to enforce the restrictions and movement of native people. (SAHO, 2017) In 1931, South Africa gained independence from the United Kingdom and became a Sovereign State of its own. This was known as the passage of the Statute of Westminster. (Dugard, Bethlehem, & Du Plessis, 2005). But a lot of colonial laws remained. This lead to the Apartheid movement and uprising which was lead a few years later by Mr. Nelson Mandela. The song played through the video “Ladysmith-Black Mambazo” – Nkosi Sikel iAfrica Shosholoza highlights the symbolic identity of the nation’s strength and the endeavors it had to overcome. The word “Shosholoza” which means “to go forward” or “make way for the next person” originated from the Nguni language (Zulu and Ndebele dialect based); this is often sung in local tribal setting and is known as South Africa’s second national anthem. Nkosi Sikel iAfrica which translates to “God Bless our Afrika” is the official national anthem.
The National Party was elected in 1948, but ethnic segregation began under colonial rule. (SAHO, 2017) At this time this government party classified peoples into main three races. The white’s were the minority (20% of the total population) controlled the black ethnic majority. (Beinart, 2001) South Africa’s Apartheid era had begun. The whites ethnic group enjoyed the highest standard of living in comparison to the rest of the Africa continent. This was in closely compared to western nations standard of living at the time; while the black ethnic majority group had the opposite when compared to their nations ethnic counterpart. The was pointed out in Mr. van der Meer’s interview where he highlighted that the “blacks” was not allowed to hold residence in or within the same residential zones allocated to the white ethnic group. They could work there or hold other average employment. But being the boss was not an option. They had their own neighborhoods and communities. There were also strict guidelines as to what time they were allowed to be seen in certain areas. Violations of any kinds were strictly dealt with by the police and the white government at the time.