Henry Hudson was an English explorer and Captain

Henry Hudson was an English explorer and Captain, famous for his navigational skills. Born in 1565, Henry took four voyages in his lifetime, looking for shorter routes to Eastern Asia from Europe. He understood a lot about the Arctic and its geography and was certain he could find an to Asia.
His first journey was funded by England in 1607. He headed North to try to go around the Americas, hoping to find some sort of passage to the Pacific. The ship became blocked by ice, so they went back. They later tried again in 1608 without luck.
Holland funded him for his next voyage. He wanted to try going further south after hearing about possible water channel routes to the Pacific from Captains John Smith and George Weymouth. When they got caught in severe weather, instead of going back to Holland as promised, he directed them North. They then discovered what is now called the Hudson’s River, by New York City. They continued up the river to Albany and decide to go back.
On his fourth and final expedition in 1610, he was funded by England once more. He left from London to Iceland and continued west toward Weymouth’s suggestion. The crew travelled into a strait that led into a large bay, where he thought he had found the passage to the Pacific. Refusing to give up looking, winter came, and their ship got stuck in ice. Spring arrived, and they began to run low on rations. A mutiny formed, and the crew sent him, his son and some other members into the bay on a life boat. It is believed they died due to exposure.
Henry Hudson never found the Northwest Passage from Europe to Eastern Asia, but he had a large influence on the discovery of America. He led Holland to start The New Amsterdam Colony and he helped England gain territory in Canada. The Hudson River, Hudson Strait and Hudson Bay all bare his name due to his bravery and determination.