In order to best relate to the character of John H. Watson, MD in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s A Study In Scarlet it helps to have a good understanding of Typhoid Fever, how dangerous the disease can be, and Dr. Watsons personal experience with the illness. A Study In Scarlet is a fictional murder mystery novel featuring the characters of John H. Watson and Sherlock Holmes. Part of the book describes the experience that Dr.Watson had with Typhoid Fever during his time in the British Army in 1879. Dr. Watson was a Medic for the British Army, until a bullet grazed his shoulder in the Second Anglo-Afghan War. Dr. Watson was sent to a British war hospital after his partner safely carried him back from the British lines. Dr. Watson contracted the disease while recovering from his wounds there.
Typhoid Fever is rarely spread from anything but bacteria, although it can be caused by other things such as human to human contact. The presence of S.Typhi in the bloodstream is the indicator of the disease. Symptoms include intestinal perforation and peritonitis, encephalopathy, intestinal hemorrhage, hepatosplenomegaly, vomiting, and diarrhea. Another type of Typhoid Fever is Invasive Non Typhoidal Salmonellosis (iNTS). A study based on INTS took place in the slums of Malawi and South Africa. INTS was initially thought to be an AIDS related disease in Africa and the United States in the early nineteen-eighties. Although the instances of INTS have dramatically decreased in more industrialized countries, it is still a problem in developing countries. This type of Typhoid is caused when the compound S. Enterica enters the bloodstream. Research has shown a 20-25 percent chance of death when diagnosed. No food or vegetable has been known to cause INTS so all of the spreading of the disease is from human to human contact.
In the year 2000 there were an estimated 21,650,974 cases of Typhoid and approximately 216,510 deaths worldwide. A study was conducted that year in the urban slum of Dhaka in Bangladesh. The main finding was that the disease is most prevalent in preschool children. The research proves that 3.9 out of 1000 adults have Typhoid Fever, and 8.9 out of 1000 preschool children have Typhoid Fever. As you can see, the disease runs much higher in young aged children. Typhoid Fever is a major problem in developing countries around the world partly due to the fact that they lack good healthcare systems. When healthcare is available, research has shown that a treatment of fourteen days of standard therapy and prescribed drugs such as amoxicillin and cotrimoxazole has been effective.
For those that survive Typhoid Fever, they still must deal with a very long recovery period. In A Study in Scarlet Dr. Watson continued to suffer from the lingering effects of the disease long after he returned to London from the war. When Dr. Watson returned from the war, he explained to Mr. Sherlock Holmes what had happened to him in the war and how he does not have a job because of his misfortunes with Typhoid Fever. Dr. Watson states in his diary that he often needs rest and he also has Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) from his experience in the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
The studies have shown that Typhoid Fever is a dangerous and often deadly illness. Typhoid Fever was once more common around the world, but today is still a serious issue in developing nations. Having understanding of the disease helps a reader understand the trials and tribulations Dr. Watson went through that made him the man that began working with Sherlock Holmes in A Study in Scarlet.
bles you have washed or cleaned yourself, and pasteurized dairy products. The same thing applies to drinks, here are some things you should avoid: tap or well water, ice made with tap or well water, drinks mmake sure that your hands are always clean and that your on top of your personal hygiene or else you are more so at a risk of getting Typhoid Fever.