Research done over the years can be divided into several different groups: Children pornography; unruly soliciting of sexual images; harassment; and unruly exposure to sexual oriented material. The studies listed below have been researched by the Crimes Against Children Research Center and the University of New Hampshire who inferred statistics and data from the Youth Internet Safety Survey from the year 2000 and 2005. By gathering a group of 1,500 children that age ranged from 10 to 17 years in age, the frequency and introduction to sexual material on the internet were determined. Researchers also gathered information and data from the National Juvenile Online Victimization Study, this brought to light an estimate of encounters for sec crimes against children in a one-year period ranging from year 2000-2001. This was just what law enforcement knew about in that year. There will also be reviews for the findings of surveys done and surveys that were done to clarify and identify patterns and regularity of criminal misconduct on the internet that involve children.
Primarily researchers set out to decide how frequent children viewed sexually charged material online and how often they may be approached for sexual conduct and conversation online. They were also interested on seeing what sorts of crimes were being committed and by what kinds of people were committing these crimes. Law enforcement studies the kinds of people that commit these crimes in hopes they can prevent them. They study what triggers a person to search for children or look at children-based pornography, they search in what leans a person towards a child with bad intentions. Law enforcement also studies how a child is using the internet and what kind of set up does the family have when it comes to using a computer and what kind of role did that play in the internet crime that occurred. Such as, Patricia M. Greenfield, gave testimony before Congress, and she highlighted the peer-to-peer file sharing networks. She determines networks are wide spread among people, with vulgar children-based content that unintendedly exposes children and others to pornography. The U.S. General Accounting Office recounted in 2003 that child pornography is effortlessly found and is downloaded from these peer-to-peer networks.
Researches focused on one area of online sexual manipulation, adult predators grooming children. Online predators use different techniques to get a child to trust them and then they manipulate the child into looking at pornography and eventually agreeing to meet them in person. This is what Ilene R. Berson and Duncan Brown speak of in their articles. David Finkelhor, Kimberly J. Mitchell, and Janis Wolak, writers of “Internet-Initiated Sex Crimes Against Minors, “they talk about the relations between online predators and their underage victims. In 2001 a year long study shows of the 129 Online -initiated sex crimes that involved victims aged 17 or younger that 74 percent of those cases were a child meeting their predator face-to-face. Study also shows that 93 percent of those face-to-face meetings included sexual conduct. 75 percent of those were female juveniles. Studies written by the same writers show that a large portion of the victims who took part in the survey willing met with the predator and participated in sexual conduct. This indicates that the predator is using less deception to find their victims online that the experts had thought.
There is a rapid construction of pornographic texts, videos and pictures. This is with all the help of technologies, such as computers, cell phones, and tablets. Children that use technology consider chat rooms and texting to be a big part of their everyday life. A 2007 online survey of 40,000 students that are anywhere from kindergarten to a senior in high school acknowledge they use the internet for online activities and that this grade range includes inappropriate exposure of pornography and indecent conduct. Finkelhor, Wolak, and Mitchell show that ages 12-17 that use the internet increased from 73 percent in 2000 to 87 percent in 2005. Online bullying begins for some around second grade, others are by middle school. Children in a group experience a wide spread of online harassment and online hostility.
A staff report in 2007 from the U.S. House Energy and Commerce Committee found the that the Children pornography images online were increasing, the images are more violent than previous years and the children in the pictures were younger. Due to all the available internet child pornography afloat online, it conceded multibillion-dollar a year production.
The frequency of exposure to pornography by girls and boys were studied by researchers as well as how often children posted this kind of images online and the online bullying and harassment activity. A study of children from ages 14-17 was done by Kenzie A. Cameron and Laura F. Slazar. They found that kids in this age group reported situations of sexually explicit revelation where they were solicited by e-mails that included explicit material. Wolak, Sabina, and Finkelhor, used information from an online survey that included 500 college students. 93.2 percent of the students were male, and 62.1 percent of the students were female. 72.8 percent of those students stated they had seen explicit pictures and pornography before the age of 18 years old.
National Campaign to prevent teen pregnancy stated that 20 percent of teenagers have sent nude photos or videos of themselves. 11 percent of young girls aging 13-16 have done so as well. 39 percent of teenagers admit to sending sexually charged text messages and 48 percent have admitted to receiving such text messages in that nature. 13 percent of the complete survey admitted to receiving unwelcome sexually charged texts and solicitation for pictures.