Over the last decades English has played an important role around the world as common language for economic

Over the last decades English has played an important role around the world as common language for economic, education, and entertainment exchange between countries and in particular between people. English has grasped high status world-wide because of numerous factors; as the mother tongue of millions of people all over the world, as the language that millions of children learn at school and the language that is used in universal dealings, for global communication. The positive aspects are global communication and economic success. However, there are also a number of significant negative aspects such as disappearing minority languages and English dominance mainly driven by globalization. Therefore, this essay will argue the negative impacts of having English as a global language because of the way English language affects young people’s linguistic skills and behavior.
To some extent, using English as global language there ARE some benefits in people’s lives. Firstly, the major positive impact is economic success. For the development of business institution, English has been always powerful force. For example, to understand the basic skill of modern technology such as internet and documentation, English proficiency is required (Seppala, cited in Alfarhan, 2016). So that business organizers can expand their business internationally across the world using English as a global language. Indeed, many business organization choose the employee who has a great fluency in English. For example, in Saudi Arabia, some private business sector, MNCs and government choose employee who can communicate effectively in English (Block & Cameron cited in Alfehaid, 2014). Secondly, another major positive impact is global communication. English is mainly used by the people across the world as a communication medium. For example, people in India, Senegal, Portugal, and Spain can share their culture, value, and norms for better understanding using English as a medium of communication. Moreover, it is a bridge to communicate and solve the differences like politics and conflicts across the countries globally (Crystal, cited in Pandarangga, 2015; Phan, cited in Pandarangga, 2015). English should not be seen as threat, rather as a medium for better communication. For example, in Japan, the discourse of internationalization was initiated by government and welcomed by people of Japan.
It recommended English-based communication mode for the purpose of conveying Japan’s tradition and culture. They believe using English as communication medium, it is easy to understand intercultural (Kubato, cited in Chowdhury, 2013). Hence, it can be seen that English can has positive economic impact in terms of skill workers as well as sharing culture and identity.
However, if one looks closely to the situation of the minority languages, there are more number of negative impacts of having English as a global language. Firstly, the major negative impact is disappearing minority languages. Due to global language, other languages could be killed, specially smaller and weaker one. For example, as English was getting popular and attract more people, it noted that around 6000 to 7000 languages worldwide had disappeared in the past 500 years (Tsuda, cited in Pandarangga, 2015). As English attracts the people, they communicate in English and sadly abandon their native language this may lead to disappearing of minority language. Another example, transitional corporations which have headquarters located in Europe, North America and Japan promote the spread of English. They are connected electronically and imply business and legal documentation in English, oral and written communication training skill in English for staff, possible spinoff for the hotel and tourism industries and compulsorily taught English in schools (Block ; Cameron, cited in Alfehaid, 2014). In the world, globalization has been carried by several languages but English is the most dominant. Moreover, there is another major negative impact is English dominance. Due to English dominance, it influence the people by media. For instance, newspaper and television are the first medium to spread of English. As everyone wants to know what is going around the world. We have about 5000 newspapers in the world and more than half of the newspaper are published in English. Television and cinema are other forms of media which helped English to get position. Two hundred and fifty million people are learning English on TV in America (Crystal, cited in Sekhar, 2012). In short, it is clear that, there are more adverse impact of having English as a global language in terms of loss of native language due to English dominance and mainly youngsters influenced by media.
Therefore, although English as a global language can have some positive impacts in the field such as business communication and education, it has more adverse impacts. Due to English dominance, there is a loss of cultural identity. For example, third world countries like Africa and Asia is mainly influenced by the English language because English was mainly used to encourage communication across the world for business ( Hatoss cited in Alfarhan, 2016). English has influenced other culture also. For example, China has been known to traditional and protected to its culture. But due to industrialization, it has influenced their commitment to culture and over the past year, there were several changes in their culture. Nowadays English is taught in various schools (Johnson, cited in Alfarhan, 2016). Internationalization has greatly influenced China to learn English. Additionally, another major negative impact is the discrimination of languages. For example, English is mandatory skill for the people who want to apply for jobs. It is discrimination to those people who cannot speak and write in English. Moreover, to get respected position in the society that is almost 86% of people around the world learn English as a foreign language. ( Tusda, cited in Pandarungga, 2015). Another example, the internationalization event such as the Olympic Games that were held in Beijing in 2008. At some point, people were forced to improve their English skill even they did not want to such as Taxi drivers, official fame staffs, hotel management, and staffs. (John, cited in Alfarhan, 2016). Although, English as global language has positive impact through global communication medium, there are more adverse impacts through cross-culture communication. According to Johnson, a decrease in language diversity lead to loss of culture and identity. For example, English is based on the culture of Britain and USA so there is no another way to learn English without accepting culture that come with it. Therefore one who learns English, he is forced to behave like English people (Johnson, cited in Alfarhan, 2016). Furthermore, there are more negative impacts of economic success which using English to expand business across the world. For example, some major languages such as Spanish, Arabic, Mandarin and Russian are raising rapidly. Mandarin as a regional language becomes more important as a lingua franca of Greater China for economic communication in regions of Hong Kong, Shanghai, and overseas Chinese in South East Asia. (Graddol, cited in Pandarungga, 2015). Another example, English will not dominant some international medias such as CNN, BBC, MTV and CNC. These media are not only broadcasting news in English but also in some major dominant languages such as Spanish, Arabic, Mandarin and other. ( Mcphail, cited in Pandarungga, 2015). Consequently, it can be seen that there are significant examples that shows more negative impacts such discrimination of language and loss of culture due to English dominance as well as more adverse impacts than positive impacts such as cross culture communication.
In conclusion, English as a global language clearly has a negative impacts on young people’s linguistic skills and behavior through mass media. While, English has a positive effects in terms of global communications such as job opportunity and business. Moreover, having English as a common language may affect negatively adults’ thinking through media due to the influences on mentality. Additionally, English language plays an important role affecting young people’s behavior and linguistic skills via media and cross-culture communication. Therefore, English as a global language is influencing negatively local languages and by default its survival due to the pressure of the English language in daily life in the communities. Moreover, English language is responsible for loss of culture and identity. Therefore, governments and leaders should consider the adverse consequences of English as a global language when making decisions in media policies, and consider the importance of its impact on young people and minority communities in terms of linguistic and culture identity.