Over the past two decades

Over the past two decades, world output has been expanding and many countries are benefiting from increased cross-border trade and investments. Many others suffer because economic regimes are inefficiently managed, and this weakness reduces their capacity to successfully compete globally (Schneider and Enste, 2002). International mobility of capital, resulting from advances in communications technology and liberalization of financial markets has intensified as the world economy witnesses the unleashing of market forces. Deregulation of domestic markets, their opening to competition, privatization and the retreat of the state from economic management are also features of the current global order. However, this same process encourages rising inequality among nations. The liberalization of the world economy, for instance, has proceeded in such a way that the growth prospects of developing countries are being undermined. Thus, while restrictions have been lifted on the freedom of capital and skilled labour to move to areas of high returns, the restrictions on the mobility of unskilled labour remain.