Parents

According
to recent statistics, there are 300,000 people on the autism spectrum in Malaysia (The Star, 2017). Autism is a
disorder affecting cognitive and social skills that has severe implications on
the ability of the affected individual to lead a productive and independent
life. The alarming increase in the incidence of ASD in the last decade suggests
that, while genetic factors are contributory, environmental triggers must also
play a decisive role. It can be concluded from this study that permissive style
of parenting is used more in preadolescent children and that female tend to use
more of this form of parenting. Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD),
face with a variety of behavioral problems under which different parents tend to
perceive and react in different ways, of which one of the reason being stress.
Currently, the needs of children with autism in Malaysia are not being met in
either the regular or special education systems. These children are frequently
refused admission in these special schools because officials protest that they
are not equipped to handle these children. The focus for the families is
understandably on meeting the needs for daily sustenance. With low awareness
levels and high levels of stigmatization, there is an increased need for public
education programmed. Even within this framework, most of the work being done
in autism focuses on the child and facilitates the improvement in the child. However,
a little have done in the context focusing on a parent’s difficulties and
struggles and how a parent can cope with them most effectively.

Education
provision should be family centered, addressing and supporting the needs of the
whole family and not just the affected child, to ensure the family’s well-being
and quality of life in the face of a diagnosis of autism. Parenting or child
rearing is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional,
social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood.
Parenting refers to the aspects of raising a child aside from the biological
relationship. Think of discipline as a way to guide and teach your child about
positive ways to react in society. Parents
who use a good parenting style are among those who use proactively leadership
techniques.

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