Reflection

The
possibility of servitude was not a thought that began in the New World.  It began oversees, across the Atlantic Ocean,
with the first colonies in the mid 1600’s. 
Servitude was an acknowledged English practice, with failed endeavors by
a few settlers, to force upon indigenous clans effectively here until the point
when they struck African Gold.  Menard
(2013) stated, “One of the major historiographical debates about the
colonies of British America concerns the seventeenth-century transition from a
workforce dominated by British indentured servants to one dominated by African
slaves”.  The disclosure of African
Gold, otherwise known as, free help was now present throughout the New
World.  In itself, this was a grave
inconsistency to the introduction of this New World, which was conceived in
liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal, even
though the New World began as a slavery society.  Both Britain and the five southern colonies
(Georgia, Maryland, North and South Carolina and Virginia) started to
appreciate great financial success and prosperity, not just from its source of
free labor, but also from its production of such cash crops that included
tobacco, rice and indigo.  These colonies
also reaped outstanding profits by exchanging slaves, via trade.  The flourishing economy of the New World was
powered on the backs of voiceless and faceless African slaves.

            From the 1660’s through the American
Civil War, no North American power extended as broadly as the Empire of Britain
and the United States.  Both England and
the United States utilized state power to defend slaves, reinforce
slaveholder’s cases of authority, fortify cases of power in sovereign
borderlands and conquer new regions in order to protect slavery in the most
important colonies or states. Hammond, J.C. (2014).  They also used their power in order to
achieve profits from its cash crops.  

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            By the mid 1650’s, the English settlements in the New
World, perceived there to be much money to be made through the free labor of
African slaves.  Eagerness and the
unquenchable craving for riches, glory, and influence drove the settlers, which
thus bolstered the unstable development of the African slave exchange industry,
in order to take care of the high work demand of the plantation owners.  The financial revelation of African Gold had
turned into a new economy for the New World settlers, as well as England, which
too had turned into a noteworthy partner in the African slave industry.  In 1760, there was an estimated four hundred
thousand African slaves in America, which rapidly grew to almost four million a
century later.  In 1860, slavery had
spread over the south from Georgia to Texas, yet the plantation owners were
still not happy. They were in search of more slaves in order to increase the
size of their plantations and estates.

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