The American Revolutionary War began in 1775

The American Revolutionary War began in 1775. Not one single event took part in the revolution, but a series of events lead to the war. The first event took place on February 10, 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed and ended The Seven Years’ War. Britain won, but that victory came at a cost. Britain was in debt and expected the northern colonies to help cover the expenses of the war.
On April 5, 1764, the British introduced the Sugar Act, this lowered the duty in molasses as well as sugar and applied export taxes. It made it difficult for smugglers to smuggle sugar and molasses, which was frowned upon. The Stamp Act was presented on March 22, 1765, it required colonists to pay taxes on printed paper. This increased revenue for the British, but the colonies did not agree. As result, British goods were boycotted and anyone loyal to the British was harassed. On October 7th and 25th of 1765, the Stamp Act Congress met and 9 out of 13 colonies declared the taxes were unconstitutional without consent.
On March 18, 1766, the Parliament repealed the Stamp Act and passed the Declaratory Act, this allowed the British to tax the colonies. They then gave new taxes to the Americans via import duties, such as tea, glass, lead, paper, and paint. This was the Townshend Act it was passed on June 29, 1767, it helped pay for the management of the colonies. Due to political discord, British troops were sent to Boston in October of 1768 to enforce Britain’s tax laws. On March 5, 1770, a crowd of patriots harassed British soldiers outside of the Customs House. They threw stones, snow, and ice at the troops. Troops then opened fire on the crowd killing 5 civilians. This day would be known as the Boston Massacre. On April 12, 1770, the Townshend Act was repealed.
The British Parliament passed the Tea Act on May 10, 1773, to save the East India Company from bankruptcy by removing some taxes on tea. The colonists were upset because the tax on tea continued and believed that any tax violated their rights. So, on December 16, 1773, the Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as Mohawk Indians and boarded a British ship, then dumped the tea into the Boston Harbor. This lead to the birth of the Intolerable Acts in 1774. These acts were to punish Massachusetts for being deceitful to Britain, it included the Boston Port Act, the Massachusetts Government Act, the Administration Act, the Quartering Act, and the Quebec Act.
The Battle of Lexington and Concord of 1775 were the first battles of the revolution. British troops against Minutemen may or may not have started the other battles of the revolution but took part in it. The Americans won the battle, and the British retreated. Two months later the first major battle of the war took place on June 17, 1775; The Battle of Bunker Hill. The British won despite the significant amount of casualties. On July 5, 1775, was the American Congress final attempt to avoid going to war with Britain. They offered a cease-fire and in return, Britain would terminate the Intolerable Acts and embrace the recognition of American rights, but Britain declined. The Common Sense pamphlet was published on January 9, 1776. This challenged authority and calls for independence from Great Britain due to corruption and despotism from the British.
In May of 1775, the French allied with America. On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was published to explain to foreign nations why the colonies separated from Great Britain. The Battle of Saratoga in 1777 was the turning point of the American Revolution. The Americans won and the British surrender 5,700 troops. In March of 1781, the Articles of Confederation were ratified, and the unity of the thirteen colonies formed the United States of America. On September 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris was signed by representatives of both parties, this established peace and granted the United States independence as well as defined borders. The American Revolutionary War was long and difficult but it led to the creation of a new nation.