THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS IN TOURISM MANAGEMENT SUPERVISED BY MISS

THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS IN TOURISM MANAGEMENT

SUPERVISED BY

MISS. AMEERA MUZAMMIL

SUBMITTED BY

MUHAMMAD SUFIAN SARFRAZ

Academic Session
2017 – 2019

GDHM-06

Graduate diploma in hospitality & tourism management – CTH

0.1 Table of contents
0.1.1 Acknowledgement….………………………………………………..……

0.1.2 Abstract …………………………………………..………………………

CHAPTER 1…………………………………………………………………………….

Introduction…….……………………………………………….………

Scope of Study
Problem statement
CHAPTER 2…………………………………………………………………………….

Literature review
Hypothesis
Research questions
Environmental effects
CHAPTER 3……………………………………………………………………………
Research methodology
Survey method
CHAPTER 4…………………………………………………………………………….

Data analysis
CHAPTER 5……………………………………………………………………………
Conclusion / Discussion / Recommendation
Bibliography & References…………..………………………..

Acknowledgement
By the Allah Almighty grace this project plays a significant role in my life as this shows dedication of my work. For the past few months I’ve gone through many challenging times completing this project.

But I’d like to acknowledge my research supervisor Ms. AMEERA MUZAMMIL who started me down towards this path with her guidance, as well as to COTHM for providing me necessary materials, guide for the project and their support for ending it with me.

Finally, I’d like to thank all those who helped me, without their guidance it would be difficult for me to accomplish and complete the project. I shall be looking forward to seek more guidance, knowledge with depth conveniently.

Abstract
The environmental atmosphere quality, are basic part of tourism either it’s artificial or natural. In the recent years, the bond between them is very complicated with the involvement of one or many activities that can adverse the environmental impact on the tourism. Therefore, as the environmentally safe new ways of tourism such as nature based tourism , ecotourism and sustainable tourism is recommended. Many of these impact are connected between the architectural design in tourism such as roads, airports, resorts, hotels, restaurants, shops etc.
There can be positive and negative effects on the tourism development which can gradually demolish the dependent environmental resources. Meanwhile, various segmentation of tourism and agriculture are very much interested in increasing the numbers of recreation activities which might would be beneficial for the economic growth as well. Having said that, tourism has potential to versatile the environment effects tourism which is beneficiary by protecting.

On the other hand, by spreading awareness about saving the lands and nature areas would increases and protect their financial assets.As this research we describe the natural disaster that might affect the environment which would ultimately become difficult for the tourism management to protect their assets or reserve lands for the development. To adverse the effects natural resources, environmental pollution, water, sewage & drainage, earthquake, political involvement, legislation to the physical environment.

Keywords
Tourism, environmental effects, sustainability development.

CHAPTER 1

1. Introduction
Tourism is very vast and a fast growing sector in the global which has significant impacts on environment , culture , social and economic which affects positively and negatively.Natural resources helps generate and promote more income ability to provide settings which is environmentally safe for the domestic & overseas community (Cater 1993).

Tourism plays a significant tool for developing tourism and economic tool with accuracy it may be the beneficial for the department. But one wrong turn could relatively destroy the natural resources or misuse it. One or the biggest barrier in tourism is water shortage which have affected the communities along with the industry.
The natural resources have been damaged due to pollution , loss of natural lands and agricultural lands to the tourism development , loss of open space, destruction including plants, animals etc. degradation of historic sites and monuments , disruption of wildlife, introduction of exotic species(Hall, 2001).

This research provides a critique of tourism literature and focuses on environmental impacts on tourism management. Expatriates & the communities indirectly generates revenue but tourists expenditures such as lodging , accommodation , transportation, food, guides and souvenirs (Laarman and Sedjo 1992).

When economic stability is constrained and the demand of the visitors are higher than the level of negative tourism impact occur. Interactions between domestic and tourists improvise creative expression that provide new opportunities positively or individually with new negative factors (Przeclawski 1986). The numbers of people are tremendously increasing due to having enough financial means which often seen as an behavior expression.
Tourism helps the community to gain knowledge , experience and providing a quality of life which exceeds the needs and the wants of the tourists and the communities. That includes one or many facilities i.e backpacking, assessing wildlife, camping and nature study (English and others 1993).

Loss of such valuable assets that has an impact of the lands which leads to such areas soil erosion, increase pollution, discharges into sea or ocean and natural habitat loss and put enormous pressure on the areas (Zaiton & Hassan, 2012). Vulnerability in such critical factors which increase the pressure and endangered species. The research provides the basic information about nature-based , man-made , ecotourism and such issues relatively suggests the potential areas and sustain the tourism value (Al-Badi et al., 2017).

As discussing the environmental effects on tourism management should be able to help out the community to create a sustainable and eco friendly tourism industry. Tourism have contributed a major part in the industry to enhance the activity in the market by raising the economic value throughout. To some extent, community thinks that having such activity on going is a bit dominant in the industry. Yet it’s not understood that the interest of fast growing industry is the concern for the community (UNEP, 1995, 1997, 1998; WTO, 1995).

Tourism management must maintain an array of impacts which are negatively and consistently affecting the community that aren’t applicable in such conditions. Management must have a vision, a plan and sensitivity to overcome the temptation of having such problematic issues in the industry (Seidl 1994). Opportunities and resources should be utilized as required by working against the effects which are beneficial for the geographical area and impacts that are fluctuating (Cater 1993).
By neglecting such impacts on the tourism might be beneficiary for the tourists satisfaction, culture as well the community (English and others 1993). Elements are the main key to maintain tourism sectors which supposedly are invested in green environment. Having a plan might be useful to protect such assets that are valuable for the community and for the economic growth (Laarman and Sedjo 1992).

1.1 Scope of Study
The purpose of this research is to divert the impacts on the other way around that would help government making the right decision of letting it damage the natural resources. Such influences along the way causes economic fluctuation and loss of environment. Although, by engaging the positive variables, cultural shock, economic benefits, negative impacts, self-centered community, long-term forecasting and the experience should be sustainable on the development of tourism (Rukuižien?, 2014). Keeping these facts in mind to analyze how they might be transverse in 21th century to help make the economic better and develop eco friendly environment.
Nevertheless, tourists wants to experience tourism without being revoked even when they shouldn’t be to help create a quality life and unique experiences for the visitors. Therefore, lodging industry, hotels ; motels are being pressurized from the government, natural disaster, political involvement, legislation, community and competitive regulations (Prayag, et al., 2010). The environmental development of tourism should enhance the experience,wants and needs of the tourists while taking precautions and enhancing further opportunities to meet in future.
This research includes such process to overcome the impacts on the tourism and for the management to diversify the impacts from negative to positive that should be able to fulfill the requirement i.e cultural shock, biological and support life system (Prayag, 2010; Lee, 2013). Based on the previous research or the researchers analysis concludes that sustainable tourism emerges the development with economy for the betterment and for the protection of environmental life challenges ; resources such as water, sewage, pollution etc.
1.2 Problem statement
Apparently, we discuss about the basic fundamentals of the environment , tourism and economic development and the impacts that could affect the process. By comparing the analysis derived from the previous research shows a dramatic change and a huge difference what it used to be as now in 21sth century. Therefore, still management needs to consider improving tourism and exceeds economic value. A comprehensive plan of the community should be the integral part of having a clearer vision.
How management can diversify the impacts of environmental and biological life without being affected. ?
How such obstacles can be resolved while emerging them and replacing it with positive impacts. ?
To development a sustainable tourism, what factors management should consider minimizing the impacts. ?
In which sectors it easily could determine the activity level of tourists are being respective. ?
Will it ever be the community that prevent making the environment polluted to sustain the tourism.?

CHAPTER 2

2.0 Literature Review
In this research, we all know that tourism is a very vast ; gradually increasing which pressurize the natural resources only if the usage is higher than expected. Although, due to environmental damage it is very difficult to manipulate ; save such resources. Whether, they’re tourism, or natural based such as erosion of land, animal, species & plants, depletion of sewage, water, air, pollution since (1990).

Meanwhile, this research describes that the linkage between them isn’t strong as it should be ’cause such factors are mutually involved with that might adverse the impacts on nature. Therefore, tourism management is responsible for improving the economic, social & nature better & protective that would take care of the needs of tourists as well as industry and the community. The conceptualization was built in 1997 to sustain the tourism in many states (Rio de Janeiro, 1992).
With the passage management were so possessed that they had to introduce new policies throughout the region as new policies were introduced they brought new issues & challenges to go through including, unsustainability, land use, noise, climate, water, natural disasters, increased in population, high consumption of energy, biological loss of life & unpredicted ways to deforestation those resources. Tourism industry affects the atmosphere as already discussed that issue. In this research and might have a hazardous effect upon the generation & the environmental atmosphere (G.R Cessford & P.R Dingwall state, 1998).
The only reason is a basic need of the research is to sustainable tourism & having a long-term plan developed for each and every country. Researcher studies the significant relation of the industry & the environment (Buckley, 1994). Undisturbed environmental resources are involved by generated tourism activity (Valentine 1992, Weiler and Davis, 1993).
If one group is creating the polices greater the good for the people and the community "globally or domestically". Whereas, the other is experiences economic, cultural and social which are being affected by tourism negative impacts.
The purpose of tourism industry is to build & develop a strong & maximize the positive impact while minimizing the negative impacts within the region. Identify and rectification of tourism possible impacts is very much important as segmentation it into various categories or grouping the impacts of tourism. In 1965, ecotourism terminology was used to secure the environment and develop a eco friendly tourism industry suggested by (Gossling, 1999).

ecotourism simply means to set a benchmark for to achieve your desired goals by engaging people for economic development and captures the value from the resources. An ecology was derived from the framework which was developed to prevent the impacts on the environment (Terry Davies & Sarah Cahill, 2000).
Few were noticed that may have an direct impacts, travelling to a destination and such activities for the visitors at the desired location including boating, hiking, camping, and more. Tourism industry can adhere the procedures within a range that of such an economic activity positively (Swarbrooke, 1999).
Community may not experience the environmental or tourism impacts particularly. Apparently, the condition is to having the ability to link the tourists with the cultural activity. Where other describes as intensity of tourism development i.e such activities needs approval from the superiors. Many complex impacts of tourism development needs understanding which should be able to work together to plan, grow and develop.

With proper planning and coordination it can help creating positive effects that lowers down the negative impacts such as enhancing the community with minimal costs. Some qualify researcher suggests that ecotourism is much more specific that provide or generate direct revenue and protect the natural resources or areas and spread awareness of to prevent the environmental issues while such resources are beneficial for the community to consider it as an opportunity for them (Wood, 1993).
But someone of the researcher weren’t agreed with the ecotourism individuality, they said it should be more than that bring change in the attitudes of the community along with the visitors to protect the resources and help developing a better economic for the tourism (Orams, 1995). With tremendous growth of tourism industry that has led one or many problems which became more obviously includes social, environmental and cultural poverty. As mentioned before having a plan that might create several benefits towards the industry and manage it with responsibly (Shaw ; Williams, 2004).

2.1 Hypothesis
H1 – There will be a positive economic impact on tourism management ; tourism.
H2 – There is a positive impact on economic ; on the tourism as well.

H3 – Environment ; the community has significant link between them to have either positive or negative behavioral impact.