There is a variety of traumatic brain injuries, many different causes, lots of long term risk, and a tremendous number of complications that come with a traumatic brain injury. Traumatic brain injuries or TBIs are defined as dysfunctions in the brain that are caused by external trauma or receiving a hard blow to the head. Traumatic Brain Injuries are a very serious thing and is also a significant global health problem. According to the Center of Disease Control, in the United States about 1.4 million people acquire a traumatic brain injury each year. Han Ho Chung reported that traumatic brain injuries are referred to as a silent disease because almost all complications with TBI are linked to changes in in thinking, feeling, language, and mood. Some of the traumatic brain injuries include concussion, contusion, coup-contrecoup, diffuse axonal, and penetration. Traumatic brain injuries also have very many different causes such as: car accidents, sport injuries, and falls. Somatic symptoms such as chronic headaches, chronic pain syndromes, dizziness and visual disturbances are just some of the long-term effects of traumatic brain injury. The major complications due to TBI are psychological, cognitive, behavioral, and social.
The 25th of March 2016, I was involved in a bad car accident that resulted in me having a traumatic brain injury. A diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is the specific type of TBI, I had. I was in a coma for 14 days, and in the hospital for 3 months. I had to learn how to do all of the basic necessities for living over again including walking, talking, and eating on my own. The beginning of learning how to do things over again wasn’t or isn’t the hardest battle when it comes to having a TBI. One of the most difficult things for me was learning how to associate with the world once again. Considering I was only a junior in high school when the accident took place, I had to learn how to talk to people my age again. Anyone who has been in high school knows that high school is an arduous time for most people. Imagine what it’s like for someone with a TBI to go into their senior year with a traumatic brain injury. Another thing I had to deal with post-TBI was losing friends. I learned very quickly that when someone acquires a traumatic brain injury, it isn’t like a broken limb; and for one, people definitely don’t treat it the same. When someone breaks their arm, people run up and their like “oh my gosh, let me sign your cast.” People act like as if “you look fine, you are fine,” if it isn’t visible on the outside then it surely can’t be on the inside. My question is, why aren’t brain injuries treated like broken bones?
There is a range of traumatic brain injuries and they all have different outcomes. Beginning with concussions which is a type of mild traumatic brain injury. I, personally think the side effects are worse than a diffuse axonal injury; although definitely not as bad as what the outcome is. The side effects of concussion are headaches, epilepsy, dizziness, vision impairment, physical problems, cognition (attention, concentration, executive functioning, memory, speed of information processing), and psychiatric symptoms such as: personality changes, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, psychosis, sleep disorders, aggression, and irritability. The reason, I say that is because when I had a diffuse axonal injury, I didn’t have some of the side effects like headaches, epilepsy, or dizziness. Contusions Coup-Contrecoup Diffuse Axonal injury
As there are many kinds of traumatic brain injuries, there are numerous ways to acquire a brain injury. The most common purpose TBIs’ are acquired is related to accidents like car accidents and four-wheeler accidents. People who play sports are very likely to get a TBI, for instance sports like football, soccer, hockey, etc. Falls are a minor cause of traumatic brain injuries, accounting for 25% of TBIs. Those who serve in our nations armed forced are probable to obtain some kind of brain injury. Our veterans’ who have dealt with blast related situations. The New England Journal of Medicine says, blast-related traumatic brain injuries are common in those who have served in wars like Afghanistan or Iraq.
The complications that come with a traumatic brain injury are endless. Some of the problems involve psychological, cognitive, behavioral, and social issues. Psychological issues are those that deal with the mind. Psychological includes emotional functioning, which consist of posttraumatic stress symptoms, loss of self-esteem, anxiety, depression, anger, and shame. Cognitive are the ones that deal with thinking, whether that be rational or irrational thinking. Behavior issues affect the way one acts in certain situations.
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