Trends in Healthcare
In May 2017, Republicans voted for the Affordable Care Act or otherwise known as (Obamacare). “The House bill is flawed, leaving many uncertainties that the Senate has promised to address while the determination of the bill is in unrest, there are three trends in the United States health care system that will not change” (Baitman & Karpay, 2018). The three trends that this paper will discuss will be demographic, technology, and revisions to the ACA. We will focus more on artificial intelligence technology in healthcare today.
The first trend we will be focusing on will be demographic. Since the population in the United States is becoming old everyday, “In the next 12 years the age for men and women in the U.S. will exceed 40 and per capita annual health care costs are roughly $4,500 per people age 19 to 44 which is double for individuals who are 65 and older thus, the population ages will expand which will put pressure to find an efficient way to deliver healthcare services” (Baitman & Karpay, 2018).
Following the first trend, in the health care system, technology will have a major emphasis on communication, diagnosis, and treatment (Baitman & Karpay, 2018). There is significant amount of information and how the data is accessible to individuals to measure quality of care. These tools that are used, will not last since technology was taken over the U.S. health care system where individuals will choose many of the leaders (Baitman & Karpay, 2018).
Lastly, life sciences will strengthen and increase the quality also the longevity of life and with the changes to the ACA, it will be researched in laboratories. The availability of new drugs is emerging and new devices are immensely developing and will be available to the market rapidly. “According to QuintilesIMS, there are more than 2,000 drugs in the late-stage approval process, and they will yield an estimated 45 new active substances annually over the next five years” (Baitman & Karpay, 2018). Decisions will become harder for clinicians, they will need to understand usefulness, risks, and which treatments to side with through favored pricing. These three trends will channel the health care system regardless of government regulations and health care providers will gain more benefits to their advantage.
“Technologies are an important key of the knowledge and information society which is really the practice of medicine than the science of medicine” (Khosla, 2018). These days’ healthcare is about knowing information given opinions and less about the trial and error. This will not be possible without technology because there is a growing amount of data and research available. Data science is very important where at the end, it will lessen costs, lessen doctors’ workloads, and also increase taking care of patients. Most doctors would likely do testing, diagnosis, and prescriptions which can be done better through by analyzing patient data and figuring out if something is wrong. Doctors are unlikely to research large collection of articles; they simply don’t have the time for that. “Computers are a better at organizing and recalling complex information than a doctor” (Khosla, 2018). “Also, computers are also better at integrating and balancing considerations of patient symptoms, history, demeanor, environmental factors, and population management guidelines than an average physician” (Khosla, 2018). “Artificial Intelligence (AI), the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings.” (Marr, 2018).
“Big companies are in a race to introduce artificial intelligence competences using A.I technologies in healthcare but raises more questions than answers. Companies like IBM Watson Health and GE Healthcare insist that the A.I technologies they’re developing are meant to assist caregivers, not replace them” (Engel, 2018). Doctors and nurses see A.I as a threat in the coming years because of deep knowledge, computer visualization, and pattern acknowledgment where technologies are able to offer themselves fit to do such work. AI will be able to provide a higher quality of care and it will be a lesser costs for patients.
“The kind of surgery these robots are most widely used for is called minimally invasive surgery where, instead of making large incisions, robotic arms are used to perform miniaturized cuts that are no more than a quarter-inch long” (Stark, 2018). But is Al enough to replace human affection and interaction? Humans are able to maintain the greatest advantage over robots to show fondness and feeling towards a patient. “Even if a machine could determine an appropriate plan and as we know there are few absolutes in medicine, we still want to work with a doctor, who has been trained to talk us through the options and administer the treatment protocol and who understands that art in the science” (Miller, 2017). In certain types of scenarios, advanced education is not required and doctors are taught to guide patients through their difficult times. As technology is advancing towards the future, some things will remain essential and human to human interaction will become one of them.
Based on the above findings, it is convincing that these trends will lead healthcare mainstream for recognized health solutions. Improbability artificial intelligence is in the making for the future but the requirements for different health care technologies might help policy maker’s move forward. Human are essential to the function of the up-to-date machine. This can make simple tasks into difficult ones where a robot is able to solve problems, it cannot lift a patient onto a bed or make a moral decision about a human’s life. This serves as a patient’s life not just health and in some countries, AI has already been implemented and it is likely long term care in the United States will move this way in the future as technology is fast growing within the world.
Trends in Healthcare