unemployment

Unemployment:

 

Introduction:

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Among the other heavily rising issues in Pakistan, the issue
of Unemployment is among the top ones.  Many candidates with proper professional
education and vast knowledge of their relevant field when apply for jobs remain
un entertained and hopeless, such people who fail to get a suitable job falls
in the category of unemployment. In our country there are more candidates and
less jobs. When the problem of Unemployment arises in a country its most significant
reasons are less or limited seats in many organizations such as Manufacturing
Industry and several government sectors. When a nation faced unemployment
issues it is more likely to face other issues like more poor people, lack of
monitoring fund for most of the people, increase in crime and under developed
society.

Among the various crisis developed because of Unemployment
the darkest one is poverty. It is really hard and upto some extend unfair to
expect honesty from such a person who is unable to have his meal two times a
day or who is not making enough to fulfill the responsibilities of his family
and also cannot afford their health treatment. 
Such people are more likely to find illegal ways to fulfill their requirements
such as corruption, betrayal and planned thefts.

 

Causes:

There are several causes 
of unemployment is Pakistan. Some of the major ones are highlighted
below.

1) Increase In Population:

The increasing population has a drastic effect on employment opportunities
in a country. According to the latest census results the population of Pakistan
has increased 57% in the last 19 years which is huge as compared to the
industrial and business development of the country. Moreover, many
multinational companies has terminated  their
business in Pakistan and several companies implemented downsizing which results
in huge loss of jobs. For each announced vacancy in any organization the number
of applicants are in thousands which clearly indicate the crisis applicants are
going through.

2)  Education System:

One important factor of unemployment is the education system.
The system of education plays a vital role in deciding the quality of skilled
candidates launchiung in the market. It has been observed that education system
mostly emphasize on extra theoretical teachings and very less practical
oriented teaching, so it is likely to observe that those candidates who are
fresh graduates are extremely non familiar with the practical and hands on
working skills requires in an organization. Companies hesitate to offer job to
such candidates as they already can hire someone who is expeirnced . As a
result of this, the fresh candidates are more likely to get rejected most of
the time.

3) Less Career Oppertunities:

Career opportunities arise when the industrial development is
at peak. Such countries which are continuously developing industries and are
also attracting multinational companies to invest are more likely to have
several job opportunities. Unfortunalely, in Pakistan this happens in reverse. Few
years back the industrial sector was growing rapidly and many international
brands started their operations in Pakistan. But as a result of the law and
order situation most of them discontinued and many of them moved to other
countries which can provide enough safety. This results in the exsistance of a
very few industries with very less career opportunities.

4) Lack Of Interest In Industrial Sector:

As per the mind set of our nation, most of the people are
attracted towards some specific fields such as Engineering, Medical or Finance.
No awareness is provided towards such filed which are neglected in Pakistan. As
an agricultural state, the opportunity of developing the agriculture industry
is vast in Pakistan but unfortunately no steps has been taken to develop this
industry. The agriculture is carried out through the old traditional methods
and a very less percent of cultivation is done as per the capability. Such as
agriculture there are many other fields towards which the attention of the
nation must be diverted like Tourism, Music, Fine Arts, Journalism, Acting,
Fashion etc.

 

Consequences:

As a result of increasing unemployment in Pakistan, there are
several consequenes the nation is gowing through, some of them are mentined
below:

1) Stress:

Due to lack of employment in Pakistan, people are facing a
lot of mental trauma which results in stress. People are more likely to be in
depression for most of the time, thinking of ways to rectify their financial
crisis and still went in vain. Stress creates depression and depression in
result can produce lots of health issues .

2) Increased Crime:

While trying to cope with the crisis created due to
unemployment, the sad and stressfull people sometime indulge themselves in
several crimes, some of them are serious ones like target killing,  kidnapping , robbery and corruption.

 

3) Increased Drugs Consumption:

When most of the candidates after obtaining an optimum leve;l
of education failed to find a suitable job got collapse with stress . thought
of being unable to support their family of fulfill their need creates extreme depression,
to counter this effect most of the people start to consume drugs to feel relief
from their responsibilities.

 

4) Increased Suicide Ratio:

According to an analysis, the rate of suicide has increased
in Pkaistan from past few decades. One of the main reasons for this is unemployment.

 

Recommendations:

How to recover from this problem:

To overcome this situation of unemployment in India various ways
can be find out some of these are:

Population
should be controlled in manner to provide more job opportunities for
limited people.
Education
system and quality of education in country’s professional institutes
should be improved in order to provide technical and practical knowledge
so that they can face the all situation in their professional career very
efficiently.
Government
should focus on improvement of each and every sector individually
especially agriculture so that people could not be forced to move from
rural to urban areas for getting better job opportunities.
Development
of rural areas is required to prevent the migration of people from those
places so that they can get the opportunity of job without moving from
there.

Conclusion:

National crisis of unemployment affects a huge population of
India especially a youth generation who are the future leader of our country.
Thus the result of unemployment comes in the form of non development of nation.
Though government has taken too many steps regarding to remove this problem
from India but still could not be able to get complete success. It’s time for
people of India along with government to be come together and face this problem
with unity.

 

 

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